07 September 2013
Pull Requests Maintainers Won't Hate
With the advent of Github and similar services, it has never been easier to contribute patches to open source projects. Unfortunately, it can sometimes be an uphill struggle to get those patches accepted.
As a project maintainer, I receive a lot of good pull requests, but also many that make common mistakes that need to be fixed before the code can be merged. In the interests of reducing frustration on both sides, here’s some advice for writing pull requests that won’t make the project maintainer hate you.
Stay on target
A pull request should be focused on a single bug fix or feature.
Resist the temptation to clean up whitespace, or fix formatting errors, or add useful rules to .gitignore. Don’t change the version number, either; it’s not your job to determine release cycles. If you must do any of those things, send the author a separate pull request.
Diffs that are polluted with whitespace and formatting fixes are harder to understand, and pull requests that implement multiple features are harder to test and approve.
Stay focused. Make things easy for the project maintainer, and you’ll get your pull request merged much more quickly.
Present a clean history
The commits in your pull request should present a clean and easily understandable history. The project maintainer won’t want to see accidental “Merge branch ‘master’” commits, or all your reverts and mistakes. All of that just obscures the meaning of the code.
Opinion on this differs a little between developers, but my preference is that you should clean up your branch an interactive git rebase before you submit your pull request.
Your goal shouldn’t be to give the project maintainer an accutate, chronological history of your changes, but to present a history that aids their understanding.
Understand git commit messages
The first line of a git commit message is special. It’s used to provide a brief description of the commit. Think of it like the subject line of an email.
This summary line should be short. Opinions differ on how short; some recommend it should be as short as 50 characters, while others recommend no more than 70 to 75 characters. Github itself truncates summaries longer than 69 characters so that’s the limit I tend to use.
If the project has automated tests, and it makes sense to do so, include tests in your pull request. This not only prevents regressions, but it also gives the project maintainer confidence you’ve actually spent time making sure your code works.
If you submit a pull request without tests, to a project with tests, you’re guaranteed to get a grumpy project maintainer telling you to go away and write some.
You might hate tabs in your source code. You might really, really hate them. But if you’re submitting a pull request to a project that uses tabs, you’re going have to suck it up and use them.
Aside from coding style, projects might have more subtle conventions that it makes sense to follow. Perhaps private functions never have docstrings, or perhaps commit messages are always written in the imperative, present tense. Try to ensure your contributions to the project don’t stand out as unusual.